DOT Hazmat FAQs

What is a Hazmat Employee?

A hazmat employee is anyone who directly affects hazardous material transportation safety through their job. This can include anyone involved in the end-to-end process, such as those who label, package, prepare, load/unload, handle, or transport hazardous materials.

Who Needs DOT Hazmat Training?

All hazmat employees in the U.S. must be trained as required in the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR): 49 CFR Part 172 Subpart H . Supervisors of hazmat employees also require training.

What Training is Required?

The training must include:

  • General Awareness Training
  • Function-Specific Training
  • Safety Training
  • Security Awareness Training
  • In-Depth Security Training (Required for Some)
  • Specialized Training for Drivers (Required for Some)

How Often is Training Required?

Initial training may occur up to 90 days after employment, as long as hazmat job functions are performed under the direct supervision of a trained, knowledgeable supervisor. Retraining must also occur within 90 days of role changes, new job functions, and security plan changes. DOT hazmat training must be repeated at least every three years and must include testing and recordkeeping.

Where Can I Find DOT HAZMAT Training Online?

HazMat Student offers 14 DOT hazmat training online courses to help you meet the HMR training requirements in 49 CFR, including our 10 Hour Hazmat General Awareness / Function Specific Training. For a complete list of available courses, see our DOT HAZMAT Training page.


This article includes a basic overview of DOT hazmat training requirements. It is not meant to be a complete listing of all training requirements that apply to all situations. Additional requirements and exceptions may apply. See 49 CFR 172.704 for more information.

Date Posted: 10-18-2016
Tags: dot hazmat training, dot hazmat training requirement,
Categories: DOT HAZMAT,